Bourgogne

BurgundyBourgogne

The vineyards of burgundy stretch down southwards in-between Dijon and Lyon on the right bank of the river Saône. In this region, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay reach incomparable levels of excellence and uniqueness.

The Romans first brought vines to the region, and the records of this period, indicate that the wine produced was well sought ...

BurgundyBourgogne

The vineyards of burgundy stretch down southwards in-between Dijon and Lyon on the right bank of the river Saône. In this region, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay reach incomparable levels of excellence and uniqueness.

The Romans first brought vines to the region, and the records of this period, indicate that the wine produced was well sought after by the noble Roman families. After the Romans, the declining vineyards were restored and maintained mainly by the local monasteries, significantly for religious ceremonies. After the revolution, these lands were then confiscated from the Church as well as the aristocracy and divided into small plots amongst the local farmers. Since then, these plots have passed down through generations, some sold and fused together and others further split between brothers. Today these small plots are known as climats, referring to the belief that each plot has its own unique climate and soil, and thus each wine from each plot is also unique. They can also be referred to as Clos, meaning the outer walls of the monasteries.

Classification of Burgundy wine.

One of the most distinguishable features of Burgundy is the classification of AOC. Wine is classed in the region as follows:

  • Regional appellation- more than half of the production of burgundy AOC falls into this category. These are wines that originate from all over burgundy or one of its sub regions. There are six regional AOCs (e.g Bourgogne), and three sub-regional AOCs (e.g. Mâcon) as well as another fourteen geographical denominations (e.g. Bourgogne hautes-côtes-de-beaune).
  • Village or Communal appellations- these 41 AOCs make up about a third of production. (e.g. Pommard, Chablis, Chorey-les-Beaune, Nuits St Georges, Volnay etc…).
  • Premier Cru denominations. These make up about 10% of production and the area they originate from is always from within the Village appellations. So a premier cru is a Village AOC followed by the name of a climat that is classed as a Premier Cru. E.g: Pommard + Premier Cru + Chaponnieres; Chablis + premier cru + Les Vaillons. There are a total of 562 Premier Cru climats.
  • Grand Crus denominations- these make up a mere 1, 5% of production. This classification has the same pattern as the premier cru denomination, however a grand cru status is given to the very best climats. These climats are situated in the best possible spot for vine growing and produce some of the world’s rarest and most expensive wines. There are only 34 grand crus, and some wineries possess such a small plot of the grand cru, that hectares and acres are too large to use in order to define the surface area. Most wineries possess only a few ares (100 m2). The Clos Vougeot Grand Cru for example, consists of 50 hectares that are divided up by 80 or so wineries. (Please note, that the Chablis AOC has one Grand cru that is made up of seven different climats.)

Monopole: the word monopole can sometimes be found on a bottle of premier or grand cru. It simply means that the winery producing the wine, owns all of the climat. E.g. the Romanée-conti climat in the Vosne-Romanée Village AOC, is owned by the “Domaine de la Romanée-Conti” winery.

Wine Merchants

Given that a great deal of climats and the land in burgundy is divided out into often tiny plots, wine merchants (négociants-eleveurs in French) play an important role in the region. A great deal of the farmers sell their grapes or grape-must to the merchants. Most merchants possess vineyards of their own, and many are active wine makers. They decide when it is time to harvest, and dictate most of what happens on the vines.

Grape varieties

With the exception of the Bourgogne passe-tout-grains AOC (regional appellation) that allows two-thirds of Gamay, all red burgundy wine is made using Pinot Noir. Chardonnay is the big white grape used for all of the big white burgundy wines. Aligoté is the forth main variety in the region, and is often neglected, as none of the climats consist of it.

Chablis

The area of Chablis is like an island in between Paris and Dijon, and is separated from the rest of burgundy. Only Chardonnay is allowed in the Chablis AOC. It is flanked to the west by the regional appellation of Auxerrois, where for some of the wines in the area, Sauvignon Blanc and Sauvignon Gris are allowed. The red wine in the Irancy AOC can include a small amount of a very rare grape called César. To the north-east of Chablis is another regional appellation called Tonnerois, where only white wines from chardonnay are allowed.

Côte D’Or

In the heart of burgundy, sits the Côte D’Or, the Golden Bank, and it covers a surprising small surface area. On the western bank of the Saône River, south of Dijon, the Côte D’Or produces some of the world’s rarest and most prestigious wines, most of them from Pinot Noir. Only in burgundy does Pinot Noir express itself in such a complex and powerful way, and the grape lies deep in the hearts of the regions wine makers.

Côte de Nuits

The Côte de Nuits is the northern half of the Côte D’Or. The great reds of Burgundy are produced here, with all the AOCs situated right next to each other in a line down next to the west bank. The majority of Grand Crus are part of the AOCs in the Côte de Nuits, with eight in Gevrey-Chambertin, four and a half in Morey-Saint-Denis, one and a half in Chambolle-Musigny, One in Vougeot, two in Flagey-Echézeaux, and six in Romanée-Conti.

Côte de Beaune

The southern part of the Côte D’Or is called Côte de Beaune, which is famous, above all, for its sublime white wines. The area does also produce some fine reds, however they are lighter and fruitier than in the Côte de Nuits. The remaining Grand Crus are to be found here, with two in Aloxe-Corton, and five in Le Montrachet.

Haute-Côtes-de-Nuit and Haute-Côtes-de-Beaune

These two AOCs are in the west of the Côte D’Or, the first further north, and the latter further south. The AOC is only given to red wines made from Pinot Noir. Over the years, many of the merchants have established themselves in this area, as the vineyards are not as large an investment as in the Côte du Nuits and Côte de Beaune. They have also developed a large production of Blackcurrents and Raspberries, in order to produce Créme de Cassis and Créme de frambois, two liqueurs used for Kir cocktails.

Côte Chalonnaise

Directly south of the Côte de Beaune, this area was once cursed with a reputation for producing mediocre wine. Things have changed, and the wines from here have significantly improved, and offer a great alternative to the more pricy wines in the Côte D’Or. Some have even made it to Premier Cru status. Mercury, Givry, Montagny, Rully and Bouzeron are the stars of Chalonnais.

Mâconnais

The last are of Burgundy, is again, directly south of the last one. Most of the wines produced here are white, with Saint-Veran, Pouilly-Vincelles, Poully-Loché and Pouilly-Fuissé the most prominent. Pinot Noir is slightly less important, as a great deal of red wine is made with Gamay.

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Bourgogne There are 5 products.

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    Great Burgundy wine, Pouilly-Fuissé appellation d’origine contrôlée, made from ChardonnayWonderful finesse on the nose that harmonises ripe citrus fruit with toasted brioche, melted butter and a slight hint of minerality. The mouth is charmed by an intense explosion of flavour, softened by the character of the terroir and a divine tart aftertaste.

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    Great Burgundy wine, Mâcon Verzé appellation d’origine contrôlée, made from ChardonnayThe aromas of this wine are a symphony of white fruits with white flowers, highlighted by a delicate, smoky fragrance. The palete is teased by a wonderful tartness, rounded off by the fruitiness of the wine, which is wickedly mineral on the aftertaste!

    15,00 €
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    19,90 € In Stock

    Great Burgundy wine, "Chablis 1er Cru ", appellation d'origine contrôlée, made with Chardonnay. Tasting: Exotic fruit explodes in the mouth and coats the palate. The richness of the terroir is persistent and the wine awakens the taste-buds. Will go superbly with fish in cream sauce, filet mignon of pork and mushrooms or with semi-strong cheeses.

    19,90 €
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    13,40 € Out of stock

    Great Burgundy wine, "Chablis", appellation d'origine contrôlée, made with Chardonnay. Tasting: Floral and mineral, this expression of Chablis is perfect for kicking off the evening or to enhance your seafood and grilled fish.

    13,40 €
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    11,40 € In Stock

    Great Burgundy wine, Saint-Bris, appellation d'origine contrôlée, "Exogyra Virgula", made from Sauvignon. This wine smells intensely of citrus fruits such as pink grapefruit, which are complemented by hints of mango and passion fruit. The minerality in the mouth enhances the fruit and we are left with discreet aftertastes of sweet spices.

    11,40 €
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Showing 1 - 5 of 5 items